All about Ayurveda & Medicinal Plants

Pointed gourd

Scientific name of Pointed gourd: Trichosanthes dioica

Name of Pointed gourd in different languages:-

Sanskrit: Patola, Tikta, Rajiphala

Hindi: Paraval

Malayalam: Kattu Padavalam കാട്ടുപടവലം

Plant description:

The Pointed gourd plant is a perennial herb as a vine, commonly found in waste land, roadsides, abandoned places etc., stem are dark green and thin, round, which spread over trees walls with the help of tendrils, leaves are ovate, oblong, not lobed. Flowers are white, small and tubular, fruits are round, dark green with white stripe length up to 8 cm. Roots are tuberous with long tap root system.

Leaf Arrangement

Shape-Cordate Margin-Entire Venation-palmate
 Cordate-heartshaped  Margin_Entire  Venation-palmate


Useful plant parts: 

Whole plant, including flower, seeds, leaf.

Medicinal uses:

Fruit juice is used as a Virechana medicine, decoction of stem used to treat kapaha (Expectorant) and also used to treat leprosy, small pox.

Chemical contents:

Tannins, saponins, alkaloids

How to prepare medicines:

Pointed gourd is the one of the ingredient in the Ayurveda medicines like-






Aragwadhadi Ghrita

Patoladi Ghrita

Tikta Ghrita

Vajraka Ghrita

Siva Gulika

Jeevanthyadi Kashayam

Khadiradi Kashayam 

Mahatiktam kashayam

Phalatrikadi Kashaya

Patoladi Kashayam

Punarvadi Kashayam

Tiktakam Kashayam

Triyiandyadi Kashayam

Vajrakam Kashayam 

Astapatra Tailam


Back to Top