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Five-leaved chaste Tree

Scientific name of Five-leaved chaste tree: Vitex negundo

Name of Five-leaved chaste tree in different languages:-

Sanskrit: Nirgundi, Sinduvara, Indrani

Hindi: Samhalu

Malayalam: Nochi നൊച്ചി Indrani - ഇന്ദ്രാണി, Sindhuka - സിന്ധുക.

Plant description:

It is a small tree or erect shrub grow up to 8 m tall, leaves are purplish- green, slender leaves are purple, five lanceolate leaflets, up to 10 cm long, margin toothed and the bottom surface is hairy. Flowers are numerous, borne in panicles up to 20 cm in length, white to blue in color. The fruits are drupe, oblong-ovate, 4 mm diameter. When it ripen color change to purple or black.

Leaf Arrangement

Shape-lanceolate Margin-Thoothed Venation-pinnate
 lanceolate-ointed-at-both-ends  Margin_Denticulate-with-fine-dentition  Venation-pinnate

 

Useful plant parts:

Root bark, leaf

Medicinal uses:

Analgesic, it is used to treat rheumatic diseases, pain, swelling etc.

Chemical contents:

Casticin, isoorientin, luteolin, p–hydroxybenzoic acid, chrysophenol D etc.

Five-leaved chaste tree is the one of the ingredient in the Ayurveda medicines like-

Rheumallin tablets

Amruthadikashayam

Arkadi Kashaya

AshtavargamKashyam

Brihat Dashamoola Tailam

Maha Vishagarbha Tailam

NirgundiThailam

Prameha MihiraTaila

Brihat Dashamoola Tailam

JatyadiThailam

Neelikadi Tailam

PanchgunTail

VachadiThailam

Dasamoolarishtam

Nirgundi Ghrita

Anthrakutharam Gulika

Anuphala Capsules

Nirgundiyadi Kashayam

Balasahajaradi kashayam

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