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Black catechu

Black catechu

Scientific name of Black catechu: Acacia catechu 

Name of Black catechu in different languages:-

English: Cutch tree, Terra Japonica.

Sanscrit: Kuchandan

Hindi: khair

Malayalam: Karingali കരിങ്ങാലി, Gadhira ഖദിര

Plant description:

It is found allover India, including Western Ghats,  it is a deciduous, medium  armed tree, grows up to 15 m tall. Leaves are small, bi-pinnate compounds  and arranged oppositely, dark green, spiny; heartwood is the useful part. The flowers  are pale yellow in color, small and have cylindrical spikes. The fruits are oblong pods, flattened and glabrous. The wood sap is whitish yellow in color.

Leaf Arrangement

Shape-Bipinnate Margin-Entire Venation-Pinnate
 Bipinnate-Leaflet-also-pinnate  Margin_Entire  Venation-pinnate

Medicinal uses:

Used in the treatments of Swelling in liver, Blood clotting, Gingivitis, Blood clotting, Enhancing digestion and curing skin disorders, sore throat and diarrhea.

Useful plant parts:

Heartwood,  the bark, flowering tops, young shoots,  fruits and  resin

Chemical content:

Catechins, flavonols, tannins , catechols, and catecholamines.

Medicinal Properties:

 Anti-inflammatory, anti-diuretic, anti-pruritic, anti-dyslipidemic, anthelminthic, Astringent, Bactericide, Refrigerant, Stimulant, Masticator and Expectorant

How to prepare medicines:

Liquid is good for people suffering from obesity
The extract is used  relieving sore throat
The extract and milk is very useful in cough and bronchitis
The distilled water of the black cautch is used in the  relieving of  acute body pains.

Black catechu is the one of the ingredients in the Ayurveda medicines like:-

TuvarakaTaila

Dasamoolarishtam

Devadarvyarishtam

Khadirarishtam

Dasanakanthi Choornam

Eladi Ghrita

Narasimha Rasayana

Khadira Vattu

Lavangadi Vati

Kathakakhadiradi Kashayam

Mutra Sangrahaniya Kashaya

Arimedadi Thailam

Brihat Marichadi Taila

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