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Silk Cotton Tree
Scientific name of Silk Cotton Tree: Bombax ceiba / Salmalia malabarica
Name of Silk Cotton Tree in different languages:-
English: Semal, Kapok Tree
Sanskrit: Mocharasa, Shalmali or shaalmali
Hindi: शाल्मली-Shalmali, सेमल-Semal
Tamil: Sanmali, Sittan
Malayalam: ഇലവ് -Elavu, മുള്ളിലവ് -Mullilavu
Silk cotton tree is a deciduous, big tree mostly found in tropical areas, Western ghat areas, grow up to 60 m tall and up to 120 inches in diameter, bark is scaly, dark brown, full of covered with thorns. The leaves are large, glabrous, leaflets 3 to 7, entire, lanceolate, arranged oppositely and spirally at the branch apex, dark green, up to 15 cm long and 3 cm wide, stamen are pinkish brown, blossoming in January to March, trees bear gorgeous red-colored flowers. The fruits are green, the size of a ping-pong ball, in the maturity; it burst out cotton like fibrous stuff with small black seed. Wood is using to make plywood, sticks and match boxes. The leaves are food for larvae of some Lepidoptera.
|Flowers of Silk Cotton Tree||Fruits of Silk Cotton Tree|
Useful plant parts:
Used in the treatments of Seminal disorders, Blood purifier, Leucorrhoea, Excess bleeding in menstruation, Acne, skin blemish, skin pigmentation, scar marks due to boils, freckles, acne and burns, Wounds, Weakness, Increase breast milk, Cold and cough.
It is used as a tonic, other medicinal qualities are – anti-dysenteric, aphrodisiac, antimicrobial diuretic, alternative, astringent, anti-diarrhea, and anti-pyretic.