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Horse gram   

Horsegram - Muthira

The scientific name of Horse gram: Dolichos biflorus Linn. / Vigna unquiculata

Name of Horse gram in different languages:-

English: Cowpea, Horsegram

Sanskrit: Kulatha

Hindi: Kutthi

Tamil: Kollu

Malayalam: Muthira-മുതിര

Plant description:

Horse gram is annual herb, a legume, sub-erect or trailing many branched; leaves are arranged alternately, stipulate, trifoliate, and ovate, up to 5. cm long, flowers  found in axillaries, color  yellow, 1.8 cm long; contain 5 to 6 seeds in a pods, size up to 5.0 cm long, ellipsoid and flattened.

Useful plant parts: seeds

Medicinal uses: To treat piles, colic, epitasis, hiccup, abdominal lump, bronchial asthma flatulence, ulcer etc.

Chemical content:

coumestrol, glycoprotein, psoraliding; dolichin A and dolichin B, 2-hydroxy-genistein, β-sitosterol, coumesterol, delbergiodin, genistein, isoferreirin, keivitone, phaseollidin, pyranoside.

Horse gram is used as an ingredient to prepare the Ayurvedic medicines like:-

Dhanwanthararishtam

Dhanwantharam Kashayam

Dhanwantharam Kuzhambu

Rasandasamoola Gritham 

Dhanwantharam Thailam

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