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Oleander Spurge

Scientific name of Oleander Spurge: Euphorbia neriifolia 

Name of Oleander Spurge in different languages:-

English: Indian Spurge Tree, Leafy milk hedge

Sanskrit: Pathrasnuk, vajra

Hindi: Thohar, Sehund, Sij  

Malayalam: Elakkalli/Ilakkalli - ഇലക്കള്ളി

Tamil: Naga Kalli

Plant description:

It is a large branched shrub or small tree, belongs  to  euphorbia family, grow to1.8-4.5 m height, with the pairs of stipular spines on tubercles or swellings of the branchlets. Young plants have many branched that carry small leaves at the end, obovate, involucres yellowish, 3-7 in a cyme, usually 3, with a very short fleshy peduncle about 3.8 mm long, but it will disappear soon, most of them are erect, flowers are yellow while cracking plant stem or leaf, a white milky substance( latex) will occur. Stem are covered with thorns which are alternately and spirally arranged. Fruits are tricoccous,  seeds brownish.

Leaf Arrangement

Shape-longitudinal      Margin-Entire Venation-pinnate
 longitudinal  Margin_Entire  Venation-pinnate

 

Useful plant parts:

Latex, Stem, Leaves

Medicinal uses:

To reduce anxiety, fits, to treat stomach, skin cancers, as a wound healer, bronchitis, tumors, delirium, enlargement of the spleen tumors, leucoderma appetite, inflammations.

Chemical content:

Friedelan-3alpha, friedelan-3beta-ol, taraxeroln-hexacosanol, Cyclo artenol, Euforbol.

Medicinal Properties: 

Expectorant, digestive, stomach, abortive, carminative, antirheumatic.

How to prepare medicines:

The root of the plant ground with black pepper and apply on affected areas for skin diseases, To remove warts apply latex directly, to remove the thorn from body part apply latex directly, well ground root mix with water is an excellent antiseptic.

Oleander Spurge is the one of the ingredients in the Ayurveda medicines like-

Brihat marichadi Taila

Chitrakadi Tailam 

Kasisadi Tailam 

Maha Vishagarbha Tailam

Dhanvantaram Ghritam

Abhaya Vati

Vajra Kshar

Snuhugadi Taila

Snuhayadi Varti

 

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