All about Ayurveda & Medicinal Plants

Madar plant

Scientific name of Madar plant: Calotropis gigantea 

Name of Madar plant in different languages:

English: Sodom Apple, Milkweed, swallow-wort, Crown flower

Hindi: Madar मदार

Malayalam: Erukku-എരുക്ക്, Chitterikku- ചിറ്റെരിക്ക് 

Plant Description:-

Crown flower or Madar plant is a large shrub growing at the height of 4 m tall. Leaves are pale or grayish green, oval in shape and sized 5-6 inches long and 2.5-4 inches wide, flowers are in clusters of waxy white or lavender in color. The stem is milky and gray in color.

Leaf Arrangement

Shape-Ovate Margin-Entire Venation-Reticulate
 Ovate-Egg-shaped  Margin_Entire  Recticulate


Useful plant parts:

Root barks, flower, root, leaf, latex

Medicinal uses:

To treat disease like fevers, rheumatism, indigestion, asthma, elephantiasis, cough, cold, eczema, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea etc.

Chemical content:

Uscharin, Calotoxin, Calactin, and Calotropin

Ayurveda properties

Rasa (Taste) Katu, Tikta (Pungent, Bitter)
Guna (Physical Property ) Laghu, Ruksha, Tikshna (Light, Dry, Sharp)
Virya (Potency) Ushna (Hot)
Vipaka (Metabolic Property) Katu (Pungent)

Madar plant is the one of the ingredients in the Ayurveda medicines like-

Dineseladi Velichenna

Prabhanjana Vimardhanam Kuzhambu


Fruits of Madar Plant
Calotropis-procera - Chitterikku
Calotropis gigantica- Vellerikku-White Madar


White Madar

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