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Scientific name of Emetic nut: Randia spinosa/Randia dumetorum
Name of Emetic nut in different languages:-
English: Common emetic, Mountain Pomegranate, Indigo berry, Emetic nut tree
Sanskrit: मदन Madan, शल्पक Shalpaka, पिंड Pinda
Hindi: मैनफल Mainphal
Tamil: முள்ளுக்காரை Mullukkarai, மதுக்காரை Matukkarai, மருக் காண Mruk Kana, Maruk Kalam
Malayalam: Malankkara-മലങ്കാര, Karachulli, Malankara, Kara
The Emetic nut tree is a small tree with straight axillary spines, grow up to 2 meters, leaves are arranged oppositely on short lateral branchlets, obovate, obtuse, sized to 4.5cm and 2 cm. Flowers are white, solitary, terminal on branches; calyx tube about 5 mm long, lobes are obovate and hispid; Fruit are berry, obovoid, about 4cm, glabrous; seeds are many, embedded in pulp.
Useful plant parts: Fruits
Medicinal uses: In Ayurveda Emetic nut is used to treat vitiated Pitha and Kapha, and also in the treatment of cough, ulcers, asthma, flatulence, colic, skin diseases, relieve pain like bruises, rheumatism etc.
Chemical contents: Randianin , Tartaric acids, sandianin, ursosaponin.