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Bombay arrowroot

The scientific name of Bombay arrowroot: Curcuma angustifolia Roxb.

Name of Bombay arrowroot in different languages:-

English: East Indian Arrowroot, Narrow-leaved turmeric

Sanskrit: Tavakshira, yavaja, payaksira, gavayodbhava

Hindi: Tikhur तिखुर

Tamil: Ararut kilangu, Kuva, Ararut-kizhangu

Malayalam: Manjakoova-മഞ്ഞക്കുവ, Kuva-കൂവ

Plant description:

Bombay arrowroot is a perennial herb belongs to the ginger family, erect in rhizomes, which can grow up to 1.5 meters. leaves are long and tapered both end, arranged oppositely, and a violet or dark blue line in the center, 30 to 50 cm long and 15 to 20 cm wide. It is a flowering plant, with modest and small spiked inflorescences flowers are funnel-shaped within tufts of pink terminal bracts with boat-shaped and encase the entire perianth of the flower. Flowering is at the beginning of the monsoon season June to August, the flower is about 1 centimeter long and hairy, and Rhizomes are the useful plant part which can harvest after the leaves disappeared. Rhizomes are about 20 mm in diameter and 50 mm long.

Leaf Arrangement

Shape-Lanceolate Margin-Entire Venation-parallel
 Margin_Entire  parallel2


Useful plant parts:


Medicinal uses:
It is used in the Ayurveda treatment of diarrhea, dysentery, colitis, burning sensation, sexual debility, tuberculosis, asthma and vitiated pitta dosha.
It is considered as a good nutritive, and used as a diet for chronic diseases, during convalescence period. It is well suited for infants can give instead of breast-milk. It may be given as cooked jelly and added with sugar, lemon juice, fruit jellies, essences etc.

Chemical content:

Curdione,  curcumol, tetramethylpyrazine, and neocurdione

Medicinal Properties:

Anti Bacterial, anti-fungal

Bombay arrowroot is used as an ingredient to prepare the Ayurvedic medicines like:-

Dadimashtaka Choornam

Sithopaladi Choornam

Chavyana Prasham

Drakshadi lehyam 

Shatavari Gulam

Marma Vattu


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