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Fish poison plant

Fish poison plant

Scientific name of Fish poison: Tephrosia purpurea

Name of Fish poison in different languages:-

English: Wild indigo

Sanskrit: Matsyavisha

Hindi: Sarphonk, Sharpunkha

Malayalam: Kozhinjil-കൊഴിഞ്ഞിൽ 

Plant description:

Wild Indigo (Tephrosia purpurea) is a flowering perennial herb ( or Sub shrub) grows to 50 cm height, commonly in agricultural fields, watery areas and roadsides, deciduous forest and grasslands upto500m altitude, it belongs to pea family, leaves are pinnate ,alternately arranged, ovate, oblong and pale green, flowers are blue or purplish and seeds are contained in  the  flat hairy pods, downy-pubescent. Fruits can see throughout the year. The plant contains a toxic chemical called 'tephrosin', which harmful to fishes.

Leaf Arrangement

Shape-Odd-pinnate Margin-Entire Venation-Reticulate
 Odd-pinnate-leaflet-in-rows  Margin_Entire  Recticulate

 

Useful plant parts:

Whole plant, leaf, seed

Medicinal uses:

To treat Vata and Kapha disorders, stomach pain, piles, blood purification, dyspepsia, diarrhea, rheumatism, asthma and urinary disorders.

Chemical contents:

Tephrosin, antipyretic

It is the one of the ingredients in the Ayurveda medicines like-

Aragwadhadi Ghrita

Grahanyantaka Ghritam

Yakratankush Tablet

AragwadhadiGhrita

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