All about Ayurveda & Medicinal Plants


Scientific name of Brahmi: Bacopa Monnieri (L)

Name of Brahmi in different languages:

English: Thyme-leaved bacopa, water hyssop, Herb of grace

Sanskrit: Seetakamini, Trayanthi, Bhekaparni

Hindi: Brabmbhi

Malayalam: Neerbrahmi-നീർബ്രഹ്മി, Brahmi-ബ്രഹ്മി.

Tamil:  Nirpirami

Plant Description:

It  is a perennial herb, commonly grow in the wetland or swampy area like paddy field, it is a creeping herb, branching, grow at the altitude above 1200 meter from sea level, leaves are succulent, oblong-ovate, 4 to 6 millimeter in size, arranged oppositely. The flowers are small, pale blue or white, five petals, about 8 mm diameter. Propagation is through cuttings stems. It is an important medicinal plant in Ayurveda used as an ingredient in the medicine to enhance memory power.


The plant is propagated through stem cuttings. Plough the area 2 or 3 times and prepare the land for sowing. Two to three tonnes/ha of cow dung or compost is applied and the field is again ploughed and leveled. Stem cuttings, 10 cm long are spread at a spacing of 20 cm. Water logging to a height of 30 cm is always required. Rooting may start within 15-20 days. It will spread over the field within 6 months.

Useful plant parts:

Whole plant

Medicinal uses:

Brahmi or Thyme leaved gratiola is an important drug in ayurveda for the improvement of intelligence and memory and revitalisation of sense organs. It is suggested against dermatosis, anaemia, diabetes, cough, dropsy, fever, arthritis, anorexia, dyspepsia, emaciation, and insanity. It dispels poisonous affections, splenic disorders and impurity of blood. It is useful in vitiated conditions of kapha and vata, biliousness, neuralgia, ascites, flatulence, leprosy, leucoderma, syphilis, sterility and general debility.

Chemical constituents: 

Leaves contain the alkaloids brahmine and herpestine. Mannitol and saponins were reported later. A systematic examination has resulted in the isolation and identification of two saponins designated as bacosides A and B. The mixture of bacosides A and B on hydrolysis give four sapogenins, glucose and arabinose.

Medicinal Properties:

Barbiturate, stomachic, expectorant, anti-inflammatory, cardiotonic, diuretic, hyponosis potentiation effect

How to prepare medicines:

 The whole plant fried in ghee and use every day to improve memory power.

Whole plant juice mix with jaggery can be given to the newly born babies those who suffering constipation.

It is one of the  ingredients in the Ayurveda hair oils to enhance  hair growth and prevents hair loss, an  equal amount of coconut oil and Brahmi plant juice boiled well and can apply on head before bath, is helpful to grow hair

one of the ingredients in the Ayurveda medicines like-

Brahmi Thailam

Brahmi Ghrita


Sumanas Tablet

Brahmi Drakshadi kashayam

Triyiandyadi Kashayam

 Pamanthaka Thailam

 Paranthyadi Thailam


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