All about Ayurveda & Medicinal Plants

Black Cardamom

Scientific name of Black Cardamom: Amomum subulatum

Name of Black Cardamom in different languages:-

English: hill cardamom, greater cardamom, winged cardamom, brown cardamom

Sanskrit: aindri, bahula, tridivodbhava, triputa

Hindi: बड़ी इलायची Badi ilaichi

Tamil: periya-elattari

Malayalam: Perelam-പേരേലം 

Plant description:

Black Cardamom Black Cardamom is an evergreen plant found in the forest area of the high altitude of 500 to 2000m, that grew up to 5 ft tall. Leaves are long, a sword shaped, arranged oppositely, 50 cm long and 3-s cm wide with a sword like smooth green, on the upper portion of the stem. Flower buds appear in the base of the rhizome. Its seeds contain in a pod have a strong camphor-like flavor, which is used as a spice like green cardamom pods.

Leaf Arrangement

Shape-Cordate Margin-Entire Venation-parallel
 Linear-parellel-marginn-elongated  Margin_Entire  parallel2


Useful plant parts:


Medicinal uses:

Digestive disorders such as indigestion, astringent, antibilious, and antiemetic flatulence stomach disorders, malaria and kidney stones

Chemical content:

α-pinene, β-pinene α-terpineol and terpinen, Spathulenol.

Black Cardamom is used as an ingredient to prepare the Ayurvedic medicines like:-

Eladi Velichenna

Pathrina Tablets

Gandha Thailam

Nisosiradi Thailam

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