All about Ayurveda & Medicinal Plants

White Mustard Plant

Scientific name of Mustard: Sinapis alba/Brassica alba    

Name of Mustard in different languages:

English: American Yellow Mustard

Sanskrit: Sarshapa

 Hindi: Rayi राई, Sarson

 Malayalam: Vella kaduku-വെള്ളകടുക്    

Tamil: Kaduku-கடுகு

Plant description:

white-mustard-VellakkadukWhite mustard is an annual, grow up to 70 cm tall,  an erect,  leaves are pinnately arranged, pale green, leaves are comparatively bigger than mustard, flowers are yellow in color, thick, and born in branch end as clusters, and it is very attractive,  seeds contain in a pod 1 to 1.5 inch in length, and it is green, it becomes pale yellow when it is ripe.


Leaf Arrangement

Shape-Palmate Margin-Lobate Venation-parallel
 Palmate-resemble-a-hand  Margin_Lobate  parallel2


Useful plant parts:

Seed oil

Medicinal uses:

To treat coughing and colds, bronchitis, chest congestion,   rheumatism, osteoarthritis, swollen joints and  back pain.

Chemical content:

Selenium,  volatile oils

Mustard is the one of the ingredients in the Ayurveda medicines like-

Yogaraja Choornam

Somaraji Oil 

Pathyadi Choornam

Sarshapadi Choornam


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