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Vanni Tree

Scientific Name of Vanni Tree - Rusty Acacia Tree: Mimosa ferruginea

Names in different languages

English: Rusty Acacia

Sanskrit:Vanni, Arimedah, Brahmashalya, Dvijapriya

Hindi: Kaigar,  Banni, Kingore, safed khair, सफ़ेद ख़ैर.

Tamil: Cheemai-velvel, Chimaivelvel,


Plant description

It is a deciduous tree, commonly found in the drought areas of India (Rajastan, AP etc.), small tree, drought-resistant,grow up to 12 m tall, branches are slender, spiny with conical prickles. Leaves are alternately arranged,bi-pinnately doubled-compounds, petiole 7-15 cm long;linear, leaflets 15 to 30 pairs. Flowers are slight yellow, numerous, born in axillary spikes with 14 cm long, panicled at the apex of the branches. Seeds contain in a pod, which is smooth, 7 to 18 cm and 2 to 2.5 cm, with a dry sweetish pulp, dark brown in color and 3 to 7 seeded. Seeds are flat ovate, oblong, 0.5 to 0.7 cm and 0.35 to 0.5 cm. The bark is tree Bark black. Flowers are tiny,long pipe spiked, creamy white in color, flowering Season is March to April.

Leaf Arrangement

Shape-Bi-pinnate Margin-Entire Venation-pinnate
 Even-pinnate-leaflets-in-row  Margin_Entire  Venation-pinnate


Useful Plant parts:

Bark, root, stem, fruit

Medicinal Uses:

To treat Dental Diseases, Diarrhea, venereal diseases, Epilepsy, Blood purification, Ascaris, Dry Mouth, Dysentery, Eye Diseases, Stomatitis etc.

Chemical contents:

Flavanoid, Tannin

Medicinal Properties:

Aphrodisiac, Antidote, Anti inflammatory, Anti malarial, anti-oxidant. 

How to prepare medicines

Used in herbal tooth pastes, decoction of the leaves is helpful to relive skin problems.


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