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Scientific name of Thumbai: Lucas aspera
Name of Thumbai in different languages:-
Sanskrit: Dronapushpi, Phale pushpa, Drona, Chitrapatrika
Hindi: Chota halkusa
Malayalam: Thumba തുമ്പ
Thumbai (Lucas Aspera) is an annual plant that grows to 15 to 60 cm. tall. The leaves are obtuse, linearly lanceolate some time petiolate, petioles is 2.5 to 6 mm long, the epidermis is covered in a thick waxy cuticle, stem quadrangular, the stem is covered with a waxy cuticle. Flowers are white, small, auxiliary whorls; hairy and acute, fruit is 2.5 mm long, oblong and brown in colour.
Useful plant parts:
Whole plant, leaf, root.
Medicinal uses of
Thumbai: nasal congestion, coughing, cold, headache, fever, sinusitis, intestinal worms in children.
Chemical contents :
Alkaloids, glucoside, Insecticide, antifungal, prostaglandin inhibitory, antioxidant, antimicrobial, antinociceptive and cytotoxic activities.
How to prepare medicines:
1.leaf juice can use in eye diseases, sinusitis and Tonsillitis
2.leaves of thumbai, small onion and little common salt each press well to get it's juice and apply on head before sunrise repeat this for three days.
3.Pressed leaves can inhale to get a releaf from common cold