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Scientific name of Thottea: Thottea siliquosa
Synonyms: Apama siliquosa, A. dubia
Name of Thottea in different languages:-
Malayalam: Alpam-അൽപ്പം, Kodasary-കൊടസ്സാരി, Thapasa muringa-താപസിമുരിങ്ങ, Karalvegam-കരൾവേഗം
Plant description of Thottea:
It is a small shrub, found in evergreen forests of Western Ghats areas of Kerala, erect or rarely scandent slender shrub or under shrub, 0.5-1.5 m high; branchlets swollen at nodes, finely pubescent; bark smooth, yellowish. Leaves simple, distichous, 10-18 x 3.5-6 cm, oblong-lanceolate, entire, glabrous above, stellately pubescent and paler beneath, strongly 3- nerved from the base with reticulate veins between the nerves, subacute at the base, acutely acuminate at the apex. Petioles 0.2-0.5cm long, stout. Flowers dark purple in axillary, irregular, few-flowered cymes. Bracts small, linear, acute, pubescent. Pedicels 1-2.5 cm long, densely pubescent. Perianth 3 – partite with each segment 0.2-0.3 cm long, broadly ovate or sub orbicular, pubescent, concave, fleshy. Stamens 5 in three groups, adnate to the style with hairy anthers; pistil with elongate, 4-loculed ovary, thick style column, and 3 or more linear stigmas. Capsules 6-9.5 cm long, straight, obtuse, 4-gonous. Seeds 3-gonous, up to 0.2 cm long, acute at both ends, deeply pitted.
Useful plant parts:
Whole plant, seed
it is used as an antivenom, other uses are to treat diarrhea, dysentery, often administered with lemon juice. Plant paste in oil used in chronic sores and ulcers.
Propagation: By seeds
How to prepare medicines:
Toxic when direct mix in the blood. Young seed can chew to reduce stomach pain