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South India Soapnut

South India Soapnut
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Scientific name of South India Soap nut: Sapindus Trifoliatus Linn.,

Synonyms: Sapindus laurifolius, Laurifolia Vahl

Name of South India Soapnut in different languages:-

English: three-leaf soapberry,Indian Filbert, Soapnut Tree

Sanskrit: हृष्टः Hrishtah, फेनका Phenaka, फेनिल phenil

Hindi: Phenil-फेनिल , रिष्ट risht, Rishtak-रिष्टक

Tamil: punalai-புனலை , punthi-பூந்தி.

Malayalam: സോപ്പുകുരുമരം-Soppukuru Maram, ചവക്കായ്-chavakkai, പശക്കൊട്ടമരം-Pasakkottamaram, ഉറുവഞ്ചി-uruvanchi

Plant description:

It is a large tree, commonly found in the wild areas of  South India region, it grows up to 25 m tall, the leaves are compound, up to 30 cm long. Leaflets stalk less, elliptic to lance shaped, outer surface smooth, pointed apex, base oblique.up to 18 cm long and up to 7.5 cm wide. Flowers are greenish white in color, born in terminal, panicles are slightly velvety, Flowering is November to January. Fruits are tri-lobed, up to 2 cm long, velvety when young, it became hard and smooth when it mature. The seeds are round seed, 6 to 9 mm, and black, which is used as a traditional detergent.

Leaf Arrangement

Shape-Lanceolate Margin-Entire Venation-pinnate
 lanceolate-ointed-at-both-ends  Margin_Entire  Venation-pinnate


Useful plant parts:

Nut,Bark, fruit

Medicinal uses:

To treat eczema, treating psoriasis, migraine, hysteria, asthma. and epilepsy.

Medicinal properties:

Expectorant, insecticide, stomachic, demulcent, antibacterial, antifungul,  and spermicidal..

Chemical contents:

Saponins, sapindosids, emarginatosides, carrageenan, histamine, serotonin, zymosan,  oleic acid, arachidic acid, iecosenoic acid, cisvaccenic acid, and eicosenoic acid.


Used as an ingredient to prepare the Ayurveda medicines like:


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