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Scientific name of Papaya: Carica papaya
Name of Papaya in different languages:-
English: Melon tree, pawpaw
Hindi: अरणड खरबुजा arand-kharbuza, पपैया papaiya, पपीता papita
Sanskrit: Erandakarkati-एरण्ड कर्कटी, Chirbhita
Malayalam: Papaya പപ്പായ, Omakkai, Kappalnga, കപ്പങ്ങ kappanga
Tamil: கனியாமணக்கு kaniyamanakku, பப்பாளி pappali
It is native to Central America and Mexico and, it is short lived, fast growing tree with straight, single hollow stem, grow up to 10 m tall, leaves are alternate, arranged spirally, large and sized up to 70 cm diameter, palmately seven-lobed, forming a crown at the apex, The flowers are yellowish- green, appear in the leaf axils. The fruit is large, green outer and white color inside and hollow, grows up to 45 cm long and 30 cm in diameter, it turns yellow and fleshy orange, sweet fruits contain many black seeds inside.
Useful plant parts:
Leaf, Fruit, resin
Betacarotin, to increase platelet levels in the blood, papaya fruits used to reduce worm infestation in children by eating.
It can use to the treatment of cuts, rashes, stings, burns, ulcer, dysentery, indigestion etc.
Papain, flavonols, chymopapain, tannin, steroids, Caricin oil, butonic acid, linalool, etc.
Antimalarial, anti cancer activity, anti-inflammatory, antispasmodic ans antioxidant.
How to prepare medicines:
One teaspoon of young leaf juice mix with honey can use to increase platelet count (especially for Dengue fever)
It can controls cholesterol.
Consuming of ripe fruit gives better excretion, thus eliminating intestinal parasites from the stomach.