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Scientific name of Lipstick tree: Bixa orellana
Family : Bixaceae
Name of Lipstick tree in different languages:
English: Annatto plant, Aploppas, Achiote
Hindi: लटकन Latkan, Sinduriya
Malayalam: Kurangumanjal കുരങ്ങുമഞ്ഞൾ, Kuppamanjal.
Sanskrit : Sinduri
Tamil : Sappira virai, Uragumanjal
Useful plant parts:
Leaf, flower, powder of seeds and leaf, oil
Plant description of Lipstick tree:
Bixa orellana- lipstick tree is a fruiting shrub, grows up to 20 feet tall. Leaves are large 5 to 15 cm long, 4 to 11 cm broad, pointed and dark green. Flowers are pink, 5 cm broad; occur in clusters with five petals above the foliage, flowering starts October to December. Fruit are spiny, ovoid, red and 2.5 to 5 cm long, seeds contain in the pod contain 500 seeds inside, ovate, with a scarlet covering.
leaves used to treat malaria and Leishmaniasis, blood purifier, in jaundice, in dysentery, used against intermittent fevers, gonorrhea and dysentery. Annatto dye used for colouring edible material
Bixin, Norbixin, Methylbixin, Tomentosic acid, Bixa ghanene, Bisulphates of Apigenin, Luteolin, Hypolaetin, Ishwarane (in seed oil). Seeds: Methyl 9’ Z-apo- 6’- lycopenoate, Apocarotenoid-bixin, Norbixin, Methyl bixin. Leaves: Bixaghanene (Ishwarane)
diuretic, laxative, astringent agents, antibilious, antiemetic