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Kadam tree

Scientific name of Kadam tree: Adina cordifolia / Anthocephalus chinensis Lam.

Name of Kadam tree in different languages:

English:Yellowwood, Kadam tree

Sanskrit: Haridruka, Pitadaru, Kadambak, Dhulikadamb, Pitkashtha, Pitaksupushpa, Suravha, Pitakadrum, Shriman.

Hindi: Kadam, Kadamba, Haldu

Malayalam: Manjakadambu മഞ്ഞക്കടമ്പ്, Kadamba.

Plant description:

Kadam-Adina Cordifolia is a deciduous medium-sized tree, wide spreading, grows up to the height of 30 m. tall and 300 cm wide, commonly found in deciduous forest areas of Kerala. The leaves are simple, oppositely arranged, obovate, petiole up to 10 cm long, broadly ovate, base cordate, apex acuminate, glabrous, pinnate. The flowers are yellow, found in axillary, globose heads up to 4 mm long, densely hairy, pin-headed, flowering is June to August. The seeds are angular and not winged.

Leaf Arrangement

Shape-Cuneate Margin-Entire Venation-pinnate
 Cuneate-wedge-shaped
 Margin_Entire  Venation-pinnate

Useful plant parts:

Bark, leaf, fruit, root

Medicinal uses:

To treat leprosy, lung cancer, colic, Anemia, dysentery, and  cracked heels.

Chemical contents:

Alkaloids, Ursolic acid, Quercetin, tannin, Chlorogenic acid etc.

Medicinal Properties:

Antihepatotoxic, Anti-inflammatory, anthelmintic, hypoglycemic, diuretic, cardiac depressant, hypotensive, antipyretic, antibacterial, abortifacient and antifertility.

One of the ingredients in

 Grahanimihira Taila

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