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Indian plum

Scientific name of Indian plum: Flacourtia Indica 

Synonyms:  F. ramontchi L Herit

Family:  Flacourtiaceae

Name of Indian plum in different languages: 

English: Governor’s plum, Puneala plum

Hindi: Paniyala, Kancu

 Sanskrit: Aghori

 Bengali :  Binja

 Gujarat :  Kankod

 Kannada :  Nakkeharagu

 Kannada :  Nakkeharagu

 Punjabi :  Kakoa

 Tamil :  Sattaikala

Telungu :  Putikatadu

Malayalam: Vaiyyankata, Akhori - അഘോരി, Karimully - കരിമുള്ളി, ചെറുമുള്ളിക്കാച്ചെടി, രാമനോച്ചി, വയങ്കതുക്.

Useful plant parts:

Bark, Leaves, Fruit

Leaf Arrangement

Shape-Lanceolate Margin-Deticulated Venation-Reticulate
 Linear-parellel-marginn-elongated  Margin_Denticulate-with-fine-dentition  Recticulate


Plant description:

Indian Plum is a small tree or large shrub, usually growing up to almost 3-5 m high. Leaves are red or pink in color when it is young. The bark is usually pale or gray and flaking. Flowers are unisexual or occasionally bisexual. Fruit are  round, reddish to reddish-black or purple when it becomes ripe, fruits are appetizer and digestive.

Chemical Contents:

Flacourtin, tannin, a phenolic glucoside ester, sucrose and proteins.

Medicinal uses:

Indian plum or Governor's Plum is helpful to increase HB level in blood, The bark of the tree is useful in vitiated conditions of pitta, odontalgia, diarrhea, hemorrhoids, stomachic and debility of the extremities. The fruits useful in vitiated conditions of pitta and Kapha, rheumatism, nausea, dyspepsia, flatulence, colic, inflammations, skin diseases, diabetes, jaundice, and tumors, urinary disorder, poisonous bites, skin diseases, erysipelas, nephropathy, psychopathy, scabies, strangury, jaundice, gastropathy and splenomegaly

Medicinal Properties:

The fruits are sweet, sour, astringent, acrid, refrigerant, digestive, stomachic, alexipharmic, anti-inflammatory, depurative, urinary astringent and liver tonic. The bark and fruits are astringent, acrid, sour, refrigerant, stomachic and diaphoretic.


By seeds

How to prepare medicines:

Ripe fruits are edible and can use to make jam and jelly, and also can make beverages with fruits

One of the ingredient in the Ayurveda medicine:

Nirgundyadi gulika

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