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Indian Kino

Indian Kino

Scientific name of Indian Kino: Pterocarpus maruspium

Name of Indian Kino in different languages:

English: Indian Kino Tree, Malabar kino, Gummy Kino, Benga

Sanskrit: Bijaka, Pitasala, Asana

Hindi: Vijayasara

Malayalam: Venga വേങ്ങ, Bijaka ബിജക

Plant description:

Venga-vithuIndian Kino or Venga (Pterocarpus maruspium) is a tropical forest, Westerns Ghats deciduous tree, up to the altitude of 1000m., it grows to 30m tall, leaves are green, ovate, tapered apex, hard and sized up to 13 cm long and 5 cm wide, flowers are yellow borne in clusters, fragrant, found in branch ends, fruits is single and winged, bark is grey, rough, produced a red resin.

 

 

 

Leaf Arrangement

Shape-Oblong Margin-Entire Venation-pinnate
 longitudinal  Margin_Entire  Venation-pinnate

 

Useful plant parts:

Heartwood, leaves, flowers

Medicinal uses:

Treatment of inflammation and diabetes, dysentery, remove fat from blood and antibiotic. 
Chemical content: 

Astringent, pterostilbene, epicatechin, pterostilbene, kinotannic acid, beta-eudesmol, liquiritigenin, isoliquiritigenin, isoliquiritigenin, Pterostilbene, Alkaloids, Tannins, marsupol, kinoin, kino-red liquiritigenin, pterosupin.

How to prepare medicines of Indian Kino:
Heartwood decoction is useful to treat diabetic problems.

Indian Kino is the one of the ingredients in the Ayurveda medicines like-

Neelolpaladi thailam

Asana Eladi Tailam

Asana Manishtadi Oil

Asana Vilwadi Thailam

Triphaladi Thailam

Dasamoolarishtam

Chandanasavam

Eladi Ghrita

Narasimha Rasayana

Chandanadivarthi

Dybenav Tablets

MadhumehariYog tablet

Gopanganadi Kashayam

Asanavilwadi Velichenna

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