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Gum arabic tree
Scientific name of Gum arabic tree: Acacia nilotica/ Acacia arabica
Name of Gum arabic tree in different languages:
English: Prickly acacia, Rusty Acacia, Thorn tree, Egyptian mimosa, Egyptian thorn, Babool, Babul.
Sanskrit: Arimedham, Babboola
Malayalam: Karivelam കരിവേലം, Karuvelamകരുവേലം
Thorn Mimosa is a small or medium spiny tree, evergreen, grow 7 to 13 m tall, stem diameter up to 30 cm. The crown is low, spreading symmetrically, and rounded umbrella-shaped. The bark is dark brown to black, A gum is presented in the bark, which is called 'Gum Arabic'. The leaves are bipinnate, up to 7 cm long, with 2 - 14 pairs of pinnae, leaflets are 1.5 - 7 mm long.The flowers are bright yellow in color, borne on globe-shaped heads, sweetly scented. Fruits are pods contain 8-16 seeds.
Useful plant parts:
Leaf, root, stem, and gum (Gum arabic).
Medicinal uses of Gum arabic tree:
To treat Gonorrhea, dysentery, diarrhoea, diabetics, to stop bleeding, breast milk increase, the bark is chewed to protect against scurvy.
How to prepare medicines:
The root of the plant is used to treat tuberculosis; wood is used to treat smallpox, crushed leaves are poultice and used to treat ulcers.