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Scientific name of Eggplant: Solanum melongena
Name of Eggplant in different languages:-
English: Garden egg, Brinjal
Sanskrit: Vrintaki, Bruhati, Vartaka
Hindi: बैंगन -Baingan
Tamil: கத்திரி Kattiri , valuthnai
Plant description of Eggplant:
Eggplant is a perennial plant growing to 1 m tall, the leaves coarsely lobed, 10 to 2 cm long and 5 to 10 cm wide , some varieties of large leaves grew over 30 cm long and 15 cm broad. The stem and bottom of leaves are often spiny. The flowers are commonly purple, with a five-lobed corolla. Fruits are berries have different shapes and color, fleshy soft inside contain many yellow flat seeds, which is used in germination.
Useful plant parts: Root, fruit
Chemical content of Eggplant: Nicotinoid alkaloids