All about Ayurveda & Medicinal Plants


Scientific name of Ebony: Diospyros ebenum

Names  in different languages:-

English: Black Sapote, Indian Ebony, Ceylon Ebony, East Indian Ebony, Persimmon Ebony

Sanskrit: Tumbi

Hindi: Abnus

Tamil: Vellathovarai, Thumbi, Karai

Malayalam: Karimaram, Katupanachi, Vayari and Karu

Plant description:

It is  found in the forests of Kerala, Tamilnadu, Karnataka  areas; it is a large evergreen trees, grow to 15 m high, the bark is rough, black or grey-black, leaves are simple, alternately arranged, petiole 0.4 to 0.8 cm long, glabrous, elliptic or oblong, apex acuminate, obtuse. flowers solitary, very shortly peduncled, larger than the male ones.The fruits are berries, globose, size 2 cm across; seeds 3-8, calyx persistent and hard.

Leaf Arrangement

Shape-lanceolate Margin-Entire Venation-Reticulate
 longitudinal  Margin_Entire  Recticulate


Useful plant parts:

Heartwood, wood oil, Unripe fruit, leaf, fruit, bark

Medicinal uses:

To treat the snake bite, diarrhea, biliousness, ulcer, epistaxis, burns, scabies.

Chemical contents:

Lupeol, Betulin, Betulinic acid, Ursolic acid, Bauerenol, β-sitiosterol, Stigmasterol etc.

Medicinal Properties: 

Carminative, astringent, laxative, aphrodisiac and anti anaemic

It is used as an ingredient to prepare the Ayurvedic medicines like:-

Kamentose tablet

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