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Scientific name of cubeb: Piper cubeb
Synonyms: Piper ritrofractum Vahl.
Name of cubeb in different languages:
English: Tailed pepper, Java pepper
Sanscrit: Kalapalak, Rachan, Jalavaluka, Hemakshiri, Kankushtha, Virang, Shodha, Kolavaluka, Rocan
Malayalam: Valmulaku വാൽമുളക്.
Tailed pepper-Piper cubeb is a perennial plant, climbing vine, the leaves are smooth, dark green, long and tapered apex, ovate to oblong, tapered apex, up to 6.5 inches long, branches round. The flowers are in narrow spikes at the branches apex. Fruit is a berry, little longer than black pepper and tailed. Quite glabrous, stem stout climbing and rooting, leaves very short petioled rather coriaceous oblong-ovate or lanceolate acuminate, 3-5 nerved at the very obliquely cordate auricled base penninerved above it. Fruiting spike stoutly peduncled, suberect conico-cylindric.
Propagation : Cuttings
Useful plant parts:
Stem, root and fruit
Dental diseases, loss of voice, fevers, and cough, halitosis, external application of the paste of the cubeb can intensify sexual pleasure in male and female during coitus. Fruit tonic is used for languidness and after child birth, haemorrhoidal affections. Fruit and root is used in dyspepsia. The fruit is used for the treatment of cough and common cold and the stem bark for asthma, cough, cold, indigestion, loss of appetite and piles. The antitubercular properties of this plant has also been reported. Preliminary pharmaco-logical examination revealed a hypotensive and smooth muscle relaxant action
Cubebin, Cubebic acid and Pepparacin.
Root: beta-Sitosterol, alkaloids- piperine, sylvatine and piperlonguminine, fruits: Methyl piperate and filfiline, caryophyllene.
How to prepare medicines:
It is used in dental diseases, loss of voice, fevers, and cough and cold, halitosis.
It is the one of the ingredients in the Ayurveda medicines like
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