All about Ayurveda & Medicinal Plants


Scientific name of Citron: Citrus medica Linn

Name of Citron in different languages:-

English: Citron, wild lemon

Sanskrit: Matulunga, Madiphalam, vetas-वेतस

Hindi: Baranimbu, Bijaira

Tamil: Elumiccai-எலுமிச்சை, kommatti-matulai-கொம்மட்டிமாதுளை.

Malayalam: Ganapatinarakam-ഗണപതിനാരകം 

Plant description:

It is a shrub or small tree, slow-growing, evergreen tree, reaching up to 15 ft., stiff branches, twigs and long spines in the leaf axils. The leaflets are leathery, ovate-elliptic, dark green in color with a citron scented. The flower buds are white or purplish in color. The flowers are fragrant, up to 5 petals, pinkish or purplish. The fruit is green turns yellow when ripe, fragrant, oblong, rough and bumpy outer which is thick and contains numerous seeds.

Useful plant parts:

Fruit, Root, Leaves

Medicinal uses:

To treat pulmonary disorders, digestive disorders, intestinal problems, expel intestinal worms, improve appetite, antispasmodic, the antidote for poison, abdominal colic, piles Antibiotics, jaundice, and skin diseases.

Chemical contents:

Abscisic Acid, Abscisin II, Citric acid, Limonene, Limocitrol, Sulphuric acid, glucose and Rutin

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