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The scientific name of Cajuput: Melaleuca leucadendron Linn
Name of Cajuput in different languages:-
English: Cajuput, Fine leaf melaleuca
Hindi: Shitanshu-शीतांशु, Vishaha-विशाहा
Malayalam: Kajaputhi, Kayaputi
It is a large sized tree, with a thick spongy bark, peeling off in layers, and pendulous branches; or stunted and with stiff erect branches. Leaves are often vertical, alternate, elliptic or lanceolate, straight oblique or falcate, 3-7 nerved, acuminate, acute or obtuse, narrow and more rigid. Flowers spikes, long interrupted solitary or 2 or 3 together in terminals at first and then surmounted by leafy branches, rachis and calyx glabrous or wooly. Fruit is sessile, cylindrical, short.
Useful plant parts:
Leaves, twigs, bark and essential oil
It is used internally in the treatment of bronchitis, laryngitis, diarrhea and flatulence. Externally it is applied for the earache, rheumatism and skin diseases, all kinds of pains, internal and external. Used for rheumatic affections, toothache, neuralgia, sprains and bruises, in choleraic diarrhea, psoriasis, acene and eczema.
Essential oil containing cajuputol identical with eucalyptol.
Bark contain: Resinol melaleucin, leaves and stems: Betulin, friedelin, uvaol, sitosterol, epitaraxeryl acetate and taraxastenone.
Antiinflammatory. Oil is antiseptic, anticonvulsant, anti-colic, and powerful antipyretic. It is anthelmintic, stimulant, carminative, expectorant, and rubefacient.