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The scientific name of Bridelia: Bridelia scandens (Roxb.) Willd
Synonyms: Bridelia stipularis Bl., Cluytia scandens Roxb.
Name of Bridelia in different languages:-
Sanskrit: Chikni, ghonta
It is climbing large climbing, evergreen shrub and is distributed in Western ghats, South Canera and Mysore to Travancore, more or less scandent; branches straight or flexuous, usually tomentose; leaves alternate, petioles stout, tomentose, lamina elliptic, undulate or repand, glabrous or pendulous or puberulous above or subcoriaceous; flowers monoecious, green, often in long panicled spikes, often subtended by long stipular bracts, male flowers sessile, female flowers pedicelled; fruits bluish black, smooth.
Useful plant parts:
Aerial parts, seed
Pleurisy, asthma, cough, fever, as gargle for sores in mouth, jaundice and anaemia due to pregnancy.
Decoction of bark can cure children cough, asthma and fever.
Gargling of decoction is useful to cure sores in moth.
leaves are useful in jaundice.
The roots of the plant is useful to reducing inflammation.
Root: Taraxerone, Bark: beta-sitosterol, friedelin