All about Ayurveda & Medicinal Plants

Black Nightshade

Scientific name of Black Nightshade: Solanum nigrum

Name of Black Nightshade in different languages:-

English: Garden Nightshade, Hound's Berry, Petty Morel, Wonder Berry, Popolo.

Sanskrit: Kakamachi, Dhvankshamachi, Bahuphala, Rasayani,  Sarvtikta, Kakamata, Gucchaphala, Svadupaka, Kakatikta.

Hindi: Makoi

Tamil: Manithakkali

Malayalam: മണിത്തക്കാളി-Manithakkali, മുളകുതക്കാളി-Mulakuthakkali

Plant description:

manithakkali- Solanum nigrumBlack Night Shade-Solanum nigrum is a herb or perennial shrub, grow to the height of 120 cm, leaves are dark green, simple, length up to 7.5 cm and 5 cm in wide; ovate or heart-shaped, with wavy- toothed margins. The flowers are small, greenish or whitish, found in clusters, found in leaf axils. Fruits are berry, in clusters of 20-25 numbers, pale green turns black or purple-black when it ripe. It can consumed as a curry, fruits are edible.

Leaf Arrangement

Shape-Cuniate Margin-Crenate Venation-parallel
 Margin_Crenate-rounded-margin  Venation-pinnate

Useful plant parts:

Whole plant, Leaf

Medicinal uses:

To treat cardiac disorders, jaundice, rheumatic diseases, skin disorders, ringworm, ulcer, gout etc.

Chemical content:


Medicinal Properties:

Anti-oxidant, Diuretic, Anti-pyretic, and Anti-inflammatory. 

How to prepare medicines:

Mouth Ulcer- Chew and keep the fresh leaves in mouth.

Skin problems -  Well ground fresh leaves can applied on affected ares.

Common cold and cough - Consume the  decoction of fruits and flowers.

Better urination - Drinking of the  decoction of whole plant is helpful to get good urination, it is diuretic.

It is the one of the ingredients in the Ayurveda medicines like-

Sarivadi Vati

Surasadi Thailam

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