All about Ayurveda & Medicinal Plants

Black babool

Scientific name of Black Babool tree: Acacia nilotica

Family: Mimosaceae

Name  of black babool in different languages:

English: Prickly acacia, Rusty Acacia, Thorn tree,  Babool, Babul.

Sanskrit: Vavari, Barburah, Arimedham, Babboola

Hindi: Babur, Babul, Kikar

Malayalam: Karivelam കരിവേലം, Karuvelamകരുവേലം

Tamil: Karuvael, Karuvelam

Plant description:

A moderate sized tree upto 10 m in height with dark brown or longitudinally, fissured rough bark and reddish brown heart wood, branchlets slender, pubescent when young; leaves bipinnately compound, main rachis downy often, with glands, stipular spines highly variable, often whitish, straight and sharp, pinnate 4-9 pairs, leaflets sub sessile, 10-25 pairs, nearly glabrous, flowers golden yellow in globose heads, peduncles axillary in fasicles of 2-6; fruits stalked, compressed, moniliform pods with constrictions between the seeds; seeds 8-12 per pod.

Propagation:  Seeds

Leaf Arrangement

Shape-Bipinnate Margin-Entire Venation-Pinnate
 Bipinnate-Leaflet-also-pinnate  Margin_Entire  Venation-pinnate

Useful plant parts:

Leaf, root, stem, and  gum (Gum arabic).

Medicinal uses:

To treat hemorrhages, ulcers, chronic dysentery, skin diseases, burning sensation, bronchitis, leprosy, oral ulcers, odontopathy, pneumonia, internal fevers and general debility.

Chemical content:


Medicinal Properties:

Aphrodisiac, anthelmintic, diuretic, antidermatic, antirheumatic, expectorant

How to prepare medicines:

The root of the plant is used to treat tuberculosis; wood is used to treat smallpox, crushed leaves are poultice and used to treat ulcers.

Gum arabic tree is the one of the ingredients in the Ayurveda medicines like-





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