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Panchakarma- is a Sanskrit words came from Pancha- means (five) and Karma- means (actions or methods). In this preventive method of Ayurveda treatment or therapy contain four basic forms, i.e. medication or drug therapy, Panchakarma, Control of diet and lifestyle. Panchakarma can play a crucial role to cleanness or eradicate unwanted toxic substances (Ama) from body cells. This is helpful to Retain and maintain a healthy body, Mental happiness, and Peaceful mind.
There are five Basic cleansing methods called Shodanas
Vamana is the one of Panchakarma method of Ayurveda therapeutic vomiting or medicated emesis to remove excess kapha-Mucus. This therapy is suitable for treating anemia, chronic indigestion, sinus disorders, cough and cold, blood sugar etc. This is also beneficial for those who are suffering from edema, skin diseases, fever, epilepsy, loss of appetite. Nausea and food poisoning can be cured effectively by this method.
Virechana is the one of Panchakarma method of Ayurveda treatment of purgation to clear excess Pitha-Digestive fire. This includes elimination process of vitiated Pitha dosha through the anus. The morbid material get expelled through the downward tract by the use of purgative medicines, it completely cleanses the gastrointestinal tract. It is also helpful for the cleansing of the Pitha and purifies the blood toxins from the body. This method is very useful to the patients suffering from Skin diseases -psoriasis, eczema, leukoderma, acne, skin infections etc. and also treats to abdominal diseases, spleen disorders, Liver disorders, Jaundice etc. treating anemia, chronic upset stomach, sinus problems, cough etc..
Vashti is an Ayurvedic treatment (Enema) to eject excess Vata-Air from the body. Herbal medicines like medicated oils, herbal decoctions, medicated milk or ghee are applied through the anus by using an instrument is called Vashti. It helps to purify the body especially internal organs. It gives relief from constipation, sexual problems, kidney stones, heart disorders, backache, joints pains etc.
Nasya is one of the Panchakarma methods to eliminate toxins through the nose. Ayurveda drugs like herbalized oils and liquid medicines are poured through the nostrils, which is helpful to the patients suffering from head & neck problems.
5. Rakta Moksha: (Blood Letting)
Rakta Moksha is one of the Panchakarma methods of Ayurveda to detoxification of the blood to clean up. Toxins present in the gastrointestinal tract from food and drinks are absorbed into the blood and circulated throughout the body which is the basic cause of skin infections, hypertension, and certain circulatory problems. This process is either doing with some surgical instruments or sucking blood from affected part with the help of an instrument made of the horn of animals and another common method is Leeching.
The three stages of treatment in Panchakarma.
1. Poorva (Pre) Karma – These important preparatory procedures have two parts.
2. Pradhan (Main) Karma – Consists of the five essential purification therapies.
3. Pascha (Post) Karma – Follow-up therapies that include diet, medicine, and lifestyle.
Panchakarma is an Ayurvedic preventative and healing therapies of purification and rejuvenation of body and mind. It guides the proper choice of diet, living habits and exercise that can restore balance in the body and mind, this can prevent disease. According to the Ayurveda, everybody has a unique nature according to the five basic elements (Ether, Air, Fire, Water, and Earth). the main cause of illness is the imbalance of the Three doshas called Vatha, Pita, and Kapha.
1. Vata is the combination of earth and air
2. Pitha is the combination of fire and water
3. Kapha is the combination of water and earth
These three doshas are getting at the time of the conception; when the embryo is formed in mother’s womb. There are seven basic constitutions with one or more doshas predominant according to Ayurveda. When these doshas balances are disturbed, it creates the imbalance, which guide to diseases.
The internal environment is governed by vata, pitha, and kapha, which are constantly reacting with the external environment. The wrong diet, habits, lifestyle, seasonal changes, mental depression, and stress these all can change the balance of vata, pitha, and kapha which affects the gastric fire (Agni) and produces toxins (Ama), this toxin enters the blood and passes through entire the body, that will gradually affect vital life energy (Prana), immunity (Ojas), and cellular metabolic energy (Tejas) which lead to disease, this toxicity of the body (Ama) is the basic cause of all disease.
To stop the production of toxic materials (Ama), Ayurvedic writing suggests putting the person on a proper diet with proper lifestyle, habits and physical exercise, and administering a proper cleansing (Shodana) program like Panchakarma.