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The scientific name of Arni: Clerodendrum phlomidis
Synonyms: Clerodendrum phlomidis var. rubrum
Name of in different languages:
English: Glory bower
Sanskrit: अग्निमंथा Agnimantha, गनिकारिका Ganikarika, जया Jaya, श्र्रीपर्णी Sriparni,
Hindi: अर्नी Arna
Tamil: Taluddai, Tazhutazhai, Munnai
Malayalam: Kozhiyappa-കോഴിയപ്പ, Munja-മുഞ്ഞ, Vathamadakki-വാതമടക്കി , Etti
Useful plant parts:
Root, Bark, leaves
It is a common shrub, commonly in arid plains, grow to 1.5-3 m tall, stem is ashy-grey, branches are velvety. Leaves are arranged opposite, shape ovate to rhomboid-ovate, up to 5 cm long, and 3 cm broad, margin entire to wavy-toothed, pointed to blunt. Leaf-stalks are up to 2.5 cm long. Flowers are pale yellowish, 1.5 cm across, stalks are 5-10 mm long.
Stomach troubles, fever, weakness, Gonorrhoea, syphilis, constipation, loss of appetite,
Root is bitter tonic and given in convalescence of measles.
The leaves juice of this plant is alternative and given in neglected syphilitic problems.
The root is given as a demulcent in gonorrhoea.
The decoction of the plant is considered as a solution to cure stomach disorders and swellings in cattle.
flavonoid, glycosides, pectolinaringenin, andrographolide , D-glucopyranoside.
How to prepare medicines: