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Scientific name of Aquatic Rotula: Rotula Aquatica
Name in different languages:-
Malayalam: Kallorvanchi- കല്ലൂർവഞ്ചി
Hindi: पाषाणभेद Pashanabhed
Sanskrit: मूत्रल Mutrala, पाषाणभेदः Pashanabhedah
Tamil: செப்புநெரிஞ்சி Ceppunerinji
Plant Description of Aquatic Rotula
Aquatic rotula is native to India, branching, under shrub usually grows up to 2 m tall with numerous short lateral arrested branchlets often rooting, aromatic, pinkish and glabrous, mostly found in the rocky riverbeds. Leaves are arranged alternately, or clusters, oblong to obovate or linear-oblong, entire or shallowly toothed, glabrescent or sparsed scabrous, ciliate along the margins, cuneate at base, obtuse or shortly apiculate at apex; petioles 0.3 cm long, greenish, sized up to 2 cm long and 0.5 cm wide, oblong, obtuse.
Flowers pink or purplish, solitary in terminal or axillary branches, in few-flowered racemes. Stamens 5, exserted at the base of the corolla tube, with filaments up to 0.3 cm long and oblong-ovate anthers almost 0.2 cm in length. Fruits are subglobose, orange-red drupes. Seeds oblong, albuminous.
Useful plant parts:
It is used in traditional medicine for kidney and bladder stones, the root of the plant tubers are useful in treating coughs, fever, poisonings heart diseases, blood disorders, ulcers.
Flavonoids, Alkaloids, Phenolic compounds, Amino acid, Proteins etc.
The roots are bitter, astringent, cooling, diuretic, antirheumatic and laxative.
How to prepare medicines:
The root decoction is useful in the treatment of bladder stones and sexually transmitted ailments.
Used as an ingredient in the preparationof the Ayurvedic medicines like:
Click to find the scientific studies of Aquatic rotula: