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Alexandrian laurel

Scientific name of Alexandrian laurel: Calophyllum inophyllum

Family:  Clusiaceae

Name of Alexandrian laurel  in different languages:-

English: Beauty leaf plant

Sanskrit: Punnaga, Purusha, Raktavriksha

Hindi: Sultan Chamba- सुलतान चम्पा

Malayalam: Cherupunna-ചെറു പുന്ന, Sundari Ela, Punnagam

Tamil: புன்னை punnai

Plant description:

Alexandrian laurel - Calophyllum inophyllum is a slow growing, evergreen tree grows up to 20 meters in height. commonly found in beach areas and backwaters banks of Kerala.The leaves are glossy green, attractive, elliptical, make a dense canopy. The flower is 25 mm wide, fragrant and occurs in racemose up to 15 flowers.

The fruits are round, green drupe grew up to 4 cm in diameter and contain a large seed. When ripe, color changes yellow to brownish-red. The  seeds yeils an oil called tamanu or Bombay oil which is dark green in color, used as  greasing hair

Leaf Arrangement

Shape-Ovate Margin-Entire Venation-pinnate
 Ovate-Egg-shaped  Margin_Entire  Venation-pinnate

Useful parts:

Bark, leaves, seeds

Medicinal uses:

The bark is useful in skin diseases, strangury and internal haemorrhages. The leaves are useful in migraine, vertigo and ophthalmia. The seed oil is useful in intramuscular pain in leprosy, skin diseases and scabies. Oil is used to reduce head-ache, the resin is used to heal wounds, Dysentery, to treat cataract, to treat rheumatoid arthritis and cure Vata disorders. 

Chemical content:

Seed yields fixed oil, kernel of seed yields 45-50% of oil with bitter taste, and other constituents are Tannin, kalofiloid, kalofilic acid, Enophilic Acid.

Medicinal Properties:

Bark is astringent, anodyne, vulnerary, diuretic, anti-dermatic, emollient and purgative. The seed oil is anodyne, diuretic and demulcent

How to prepare medicines:

1. Application of oil can reduce Rhumatic artharitic pain.

2. Leaf juice is used to treat catract. 

3. Bark resin is used to treat wounds.

Alexandrian laurel  is used as an ingredient in the Ayurveda medicines like:-


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