All about Ayurveda & Medicinal Plants

Alexandrian laurel

Alexandrian laurel, Beauty leaf

Scientific name of Alexandrian laurel: Calophyllum inophyllum

Name of Alexandrian laurel  in different languages:-

English: Beauty leaf plant

Sanskrit: Punnaga, Purusha, Raktavriksha

Hindi: Sultan Chamba- सुलतान चम्पा

Malayalam: Punna-പുന്ന, Sundari Ela, Punnagam

Tamil: புன்னை punnai

Plant description:

Alexandrian laurel - Calophyllum inophyllum is a slow growing, evergreen tree grows up to 20 meters in height. commonly found in beach areas and backwaters banks of Kerala.The leaves are glossy green, attractive, elliptical, make a dense canopy. The flower is 25 mm wide, fragrant and occurs in racemose up to 15 flowers.

The fruits are round, green drupe grew up to 4 cm in diameter and contain a large seed. When ripe, color changes yellow to brownish-red. The  seeds yeils an oil called tamanu or Bombay oil which is dark green in color, used as  greasing hair

Leaf Arrangement

Shape-Ovate Margin-Entire Venation-pinnate
 Ovate-Egg-shaped  Margin_Entire  Venation-pinnate

Medicinal uses:

To cure Vata disorders, Oil is used to reduce head-ache, the resin is used to heal wounds, Dysentery, to treat cataract, to treat rheumatoid arthritis. 

Chemical content:

Tanin, kalofiloid, kalofilic acid, Enophilic Acid.

How to prepare medicines:

1. Application of oil can reduce Rhumatic artharitic pain.

2. Leaf juice is used to treat catract. 

3. Bark resin is used to treat wounds.

Alexandrian laurel  is used as an ingredient in the Ayurveda medicines like:-

NisosiradiThailam

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