All about Ayurveda & Medicinal Plants

African coriander

The scientific name of African coriander: Eryngium foetidum L.

Name of African coriander in different languages:-

English: Mexican coriander, Long coriander, Fitweed.

Hindi: Ban-daniya-बन्धनिय  (Wild cilantro)

Malayalam: African malli-ആഫ്രിക്കൻ മല്ലി

Tamil: biriyani elai

Plant description:

It is an annual to biennial herb, pungently scented, grow to 15 to 45 cm tall with the taproot. In India, it is reported to be perennial. The leaves are arranged in a basal rosette form, leaf blades are lanceolate to oblanceolate or spatulate in shape, margins spinous toothed. Flowering shoots divaricately branched, bear more deeply toothed leaves. Flowers are white in cylindrical heads, subtended by a whorl of about 2-3 cm long, 5-6 unequal bracts resembling the upper leaves. Calyx teeth ridged and acute. Petals white or greenish, fruits are ellipsoid or subglobose and greenish. Seeds are semiterete.

Leaf Arrangement

Shape-Lanceolate Margin-Dentate Venation-pinnate
 lanceolate-ointed-at-both-ends  Margin_Dentate-with-symetrical-teeth  Venation-pinnate


Useful plant parts:

leaf and root.

Medicinal uses:

The leaves and roots are used to prepare as  tea, which will stimulate appetite, improve digestion, combat colic, soothe stomach pains, and eliminate gases and as an aphrodisiac.

The decoction of leaf and root is used in the treatments of Pneumonia, fever, dysentery, constipation, diabetics, and vomiting.

Chemical content:

Oil contains linalool, decanal, mesit aldehyde, 2-dodecenal, trans-2- dodecenal, trans-2-tridecenal.

Medicinal properties:

Pungent, anti-clastogenic, anti-carcinogenic, stimulate appetite,   anti-diabetic, aphrodisaic, stomachic, analgesic, anti-convulsant and anti-bacterial.

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