All about Ayurveda & Medicinal Plants

Adamant creeper

The scientific name of Adamant creeper: Cissus Quadrangualaris Linn. /Vitis quadrangularis 

Synonyms:  Vitis quadrangularis(Linn.) Wall.ex Wight

 Family:  Vitaceae

Name of Adamant creeper in different languages:-

English: Bonesetter, Devil's Backbone, Veldt Grape.

Hindi: Hadjod, Hadjor, Asthisrumgala

Malayalam: Changalamparanda-ചങ്ങലംപരണ്ട

Sanskrit: Vajravalli, Asthisrinkhala, Kulisa, Asthisamharaka.

Tamil: Pirandai-பிரண்டை

Bengali:  Harjora

Kannada:  Manjora-valli

Marati:  Harjora, Harsankar, Kandavel, Nallar

Telungu:  Vajravalli

Plant description:

Climber vine,  rambling shrub, herbaceous,  scandent, sprawling with  jointed stems. The stem are edible, similar to joint bone. It grows up to 2 m in length with the help of tendrils,  and square shaped branches with interns nodes, up to 10 cm long. Leaves are rare, arranged alternately, heart-shaped, reniform, margin entire, and sometimes toothed, three-lobed and 5 cm. long, which appear at the nodes. Flowers are small and white or yellowish or greenish yellow, fruits or berries are globular and turn red when ripe.

Leaf Arrangement

Shape-Cordate Margin-Entire Venation-Cordate
Cordate-heartshaped Margin_Entire Recticulate

 

Useful plant parts:

Stem, leaves, root

Medicinal uses:

To treat fracture, swellings, scurvy, colonopathy, asthma, burns and wounds, colic, skin diseases, chronic ulcers, ophthalmopathy

In ancient time the adamant creeper or Bone setter had been used in Ayurveda to heal broken bones,  it can increase the bone mass and accelerate the fracture healing rate, and also used in the treatments of injured ligaments and tendons, hemorrhoid, and treat vitiated Vata and  Kapha disorders. It is also useful to reduce the fat cells in the body and thus can control obesity

It is also used in the treatment of feminine disorders such as menopause, libido, and menstrual problems. It has been used in ancient times in the treatments of bone injuries, relives torn tendons and ligaments.

Tender leaves can be used as a vegetable in curry

Chemical content:

Plant contains proteins 12.8%; fat and wax 1.0%; fiber 15.6%; carbohydrates 36.6%; mucilage and pectin 1.2% on dry basis. A yellow wax, tartaric acid and the acid potassium salt are present. The plant is remarkably rich in vitamin C. Calcium oxalate crystals account for the irritating action of fresh stems, and  5-amyrone, resveratrol, pallidol,  parthenocissine A and piceatannol.

Medicinal properties:

Tonic, analgesic, antibacterial, anti-fungal, antioxidant, anti- inflammatory, anthelmintic, Aphrodisiac, and  carminative.

Propagation:  Cuttings.

One of the ingredients to prepare the Ayurveda medicines like-

Asthiposhak Tablets

CalciplusTablets

Karimbirumbadi Kashayam

 

Learn more:

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24812472

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