All about Ayurveda & Medicinal Plants

Abuta

Abuta

Scientific name of Abuta: Cissampelos pareira

Names in different languages:-

English: Velvet-leaf, Abuta

Sanskrit: Ambashtha, Piluphala, Ekashthila, Dipani, Varatiktata, Tiktapushpa, Atisaranashani, Ambashtaki, Pracchina, Shreyasi.

Hindi: Leghu patha, Akanadi, Pada

Malayalam: Malathangi-മലതാങ്ങി, Vattavally-വട്ടവള്ളി 

Tamil: Vatta thiruppi-வட்டத்திருப்பி 

Plant description

It  is an annual climber shrub, tomentose, spreading over trees, fences, etc., commonly found in tropical sub-tropical, forest areas, plane lands, in Western Ghats area, etc., the leaves are dark green, hairy, ovate or heart-shaped, about 4 to 10 cm in diameter. Flowers are small, dioecious, light green in color, found in clusters  in the  leaf axis. The fruits are berries, many, small and round, born in clusters, green in color turns to red when ripe. Flowering and fruiting April to October

Useful plant parts:

Root, leaf, Whole plant

Leaf Arrangement

Shape-heart-shaped Margin-Entire Venation-palmate
 Cordate-heartshaped  Margin_Entire  Venation-palmate

 

Medicinal uses: 

It is mainly used in folk medicine to treat rheumatic disorders, coughing, and cold, to increase breast milk, urinary disorders, to treat cobra bite, anti-malarial. It is an important herb in feminine diseases. It is known as midwife plant because of it is used in women ailments such as like uterine hemorrhages, miscarriage, urogenital disorders  etc. , and also useful in intestinal worms, wounds, ulcers, indigestion,  asthma, arthritis, and muscle cramps. To treat malaria, fever, and also used in the treatments of sexually transmitted diseases (VD).

Chemical contents:

Alkaloid (Pelocin), Saponin, flavanol, and sterol

Medicinal Properties:

Astringent, anti-inflammatory, Antinociceptive and antiarthritic. 

Activities

Antimalarial , Antioxidant, Antifertility, Anti-inflammatory ,  and immunomodulatory activity

How to prepare medicines:

It is one of the ingredients in the Ayurveda medicines like:-

Pushyanuga Choornam 

Saraswata Ghrita

Shiva Gutika

Dusparsakadi Kashayam

Katakakhadiradi Kashayam

Mahatiktam Kashayam

Tiktam Kashayam

Guggulutiktam Kashayam

Changeri Ghrita

Maha Panchagavya Ghrita

Mahatiktaka Ghrita 

Panchatikta Guggulu Ghrita

 

Scientific studies:

 http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874106006799

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2883225/?tool=pmcentrez

Abuta - Malathangi-ripe fruits

Abuta-Velvet leaf-Malathangi- fruits 

 

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